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What is noise pollution and what are its effects?
Not all sounds are considered noise pollution. The WHO defines any noise above 65 decibels (dB) as noise pollution. Loud sounds from air and car traffic, construction sites, clubs, parties and concerts can be potential health hazards. The health effects of increased air pollution in children and adolescents are:
- Physical: The physical effects of noise pollution in children include breathing problems, rapid pulse, high blood pressure, severe and constant headaches, nausea and dizziness, and in some cases extremely loud and constant noise, gastritis, colitis and even heart attacks.
Psychological: in addition to harming physical health, noise pollution can cause stress, depression, anxiety, fatigue and even hysteria in severe cases.
- Sleep disorders: Children and teens need 8-9 hours of sleep a day to be fit and healthy. However, due to noise pollution, lack of deep sleep can have latent effects on behavior, causing irritability.
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Memoryand concentration: Repeated exposure to loud sounds can affect anyone’s ability to focus and concentrate, leading to poor performance in school and sports. Although some sounds are unavoidable, some can be reduced or stopped for the sake of our children’s health. A few measures can be taken at home:
- Reduce noise from electrical appliances and gadgets such as air conditioners, blenders, fans, etc.
- Always make sure to turn the TV volume down. Also, noise from the radio, video games, etc. should not be broadcast at a high level.
- You can add insulation around the house (especially in the bedroom) to help dampen sounds from other rooms.
- If you’re going to a club or party, where loud sounds are unavoidable, be sure to protect your ears with earplugs or muffs.
Disclaimer: The tips and suggestions mentioned in the article are for general information purposes only and should not be construed as professional medical advice. Always consult your doctor or dietitian before starting any fitness program or making any changes to your diet.